Contrary to advances in treating wet AMD, dry AMD continues to elude modern therapeutics and there are no effective or established treatments despite dry AMD comprising 90% of all AMD incidences.

Researchers at the University of Utah have recently developed a potential gene therapy for the treatment of wet and dry AMD using adeno-associated viral vectors that inhibit the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS have been linked to the disease progression of AMD. The inventors have shown that the activation of an enzyme, Rap1a, in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) can reduce ROS generation.  Sub-retinal injections of the viral vector into mice result in a modest improvement in the expression of Rap1a after immunostaining of mouse retinal tissue.  Further validation of the vector could enable the creation of the first effective therapeutic for dry AMD and an alternative treatment option for wet AMD.